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WhatsApp Threatens Shutdown in India Over Chat Encryption Demands


In a bold stance, WhatsApp has informed the Delhi High Court that it will cease operations in India if compelled to compromise the encryption of messages on its platform. The company, owned by Meta, asserts that end-to-end encryption is crucial for safeguarding user privacy, ensuring that only the sender and recipient can access message content.

WhatsApp Privacy at Stake

WhatsApp, with over 400 million users in India, faces a legal battle against the Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules 2021. These rules require platforms like WhatsApp and its parent company, Meta, to trace chats and identify message originators. However, WhatsApp argues that complying with this law weakens encryption and violates user privacy protections enshrined in the Indian Constitution.

Advocate Tejas Karia, representing WhatsApp, emphasized the platform’s commitment to privacy features. “As a platform, we are saying that if we are told to break encryption, then WhatsApp goes,” Karia stated before the Division Bench. He further highlighted that WhatsApp’s popularity in India is due to these very privacy features1.

Balancing Privacy and Security

The central government, represented by Kirtiman Singh, defended the regulations, emphasizing the need to trace message originators. Singh argued that such a mechanism is essential in today’s environment.

India, as a global leader in messaging adoption, now grapples with the delicate balance between privacy and security. WhatsApp’s warning underscores the critical role encryption plays in safeguarding user data, even as legal battles continue to unfold.

It remains to be seen how this situation will unfold. Whether the Indian government will back down from its demands or if WhatsApp will truly exit the Indian market is yet to be determined. The coming days and weeks will likely see further negotiations and developments in this ongoing saga.

Stay tuned for further developments as the court deliberates on this pivotal issue that impacts millions of users across the country.


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