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India’s Criminal Justice System Set for Revamp with New Laws

criminal justice

In a landmark development, India is poised for a substantial transformation of its criminal justice system. Chief Justice of India (CJI) D. Y. Chandrachud has lauded the enactment of three pivotal criminal laws, emphasizing their potential to revolutionize the legal landscape.

The newly enacted laws—Bharatiya Nyaya SanhitaBharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita, and Bharatiya Sakshya Act—are set to come into effect from July 1. These legislative changes signify a significant milestone in India’s legal evolution, addressing critical aspects of criminal justice administration.

Key Highlights of Criminal Justice System :

  1. Transitioning into a New Age:

    • CJI Chandrachud hailed the new laws as a watershed moment for Indian society. He emphasized that they have transitioned India’s legal framework on criminal justice into a new age.
    • These laws are a clear indicator of India’s adaptability and responsiveness to contemporary challenges.
  2. Victim-Centric Approach:

    • The enacted laws introduce much-needed improvements to safeguard the interests of victims.
    • They aim to enhance the effectiveness of investigation and prosecution of criminal offenses.
  3. Citizen Participation:

    • CJI Chandrachud underscored that the success of these laws depends on citizens’ adoption. As responsible members of society, our active engagement is crucial for their implementation.
  4. Legal Instruments for Current Challenges:

    • The Parliament’s approval of these laws reflects India’s dynamic nature and the need for new legal instruments to address contemporary issues.
    • The laws are a testament to India’s commitment to justice, fairness, and accountability.
  5. Immediate Implementation:

    • “All the provisions will take effect from July 1st excluding hit and run cases.”
    • The laws received parliamentary approval on December 21 last year, and President Droupadi Murmu gave her assent on December 25.

In the words of CJI Chandrachud, “The enactment of these laws by Parliament is a clear indication that India is changing and on the move, and needs new legal instruments to deal with the current challenges”1. The legal fraternity and citizens alike eagerly await the positive impact of these reforms on India’s criminal justice system.

Disclaimer: This article is based on factual information available as of April 20, 2024, and does not constitute legal advice.

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